15 Best Books on Critical Thinking

Best Books on Critical Thinking

Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, Patrick Egan,

In the international bestseller, Thinking, Fast and Slow, Daniel Kahneman, the renowned psychologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, takes us on a groundbreaking tour of the mind and explains the two systems that drive the way we think. System 1 is fast, intuitive, and emotional; System 2 is slower, more deliberative, and more logical. The impact of overconfidence on corporate strategies, the difficulties of predicting what will make us happy in the future, the profound effect of cognitive biases on everything from playing the stock market to planning our next vacation―each of these can be understood only by knowing how the two systems shape our judgments and decisions. Engaging the reader in a lively conversation about how we think, Kahneman reveals where we can and cannot trust our intuitions and how we can tap into the benefits of slow thinking. He offers practical and enlightening insights into how choices are made in both our business and our personal lives―and how we can use different techniques to guard against the mental glitches that often get us into trouble. Winner of the National Academy of Sciences Best Book Award and the Los Angeles Times Book Prize and selected by The New York Times Book Review as one of the ten best books of 2011, Thinking, Fast and Slow is destined to be a classic.

The Fallacy Detective: Thirty-Eight Lessons on How to Recognize Bad Reasoning by Nathaniel Bluedorn, Hans Bluedorn

The Fallacy Detective has been the best selling text for teaching logical fallacies and introduction to logic for over 15 years.

“Can learning logic be fun? With The Fallacy Detective it appears that it can be. I thoroughly enjoyed this book and would recommend it to anyone who wants to improve his reasoning skills.”–Tim Challies, curriculum reviewer

“Cartoon and comic illustrations, humorous examples, and a very reader-friendly writing style make this the sort of course students will enjoy.”–Cathy Duffy, homeschool curriculum reviewer

“I really like The Fallacy Detective because it has funny cartoons, silly stories, and teaches you a lot!”–11 Year Old

What is a fallacy? A fallacy is an error in logic a place where someone has made a mistake in his thinking. This is a handy book for learning to spot common errors in reasoning.

– For ages twelve through adult.

– Fun to use — learn skills you can use right away.

Critical Thinking Skills for Dummies by Martin Cohen, Eric Martin,

Turbocharge your reasoning with critical thinking.

Just what are the ingredients of a great argument? What is the secret to communicating your ideas clearly and persuasively? And how do you see through sloppy thinking and flim-flam?

If you’ve ever asked any of these questions, then this book is for you!

These days, strong critical thinking skills provide a vital foundation for academic success, and Critical Thinking Skills for Dummies offers a clear and unintimidating introduction to what can otherwise be a pretty complex topic. Inside, you’ll get hands-on, lively, and fun exercises that you can put to work today to improve your arguments and pin down key issues.

With this accessible and friendly guide, you’ll get plain-English instruction on how to identify other people’s assumptions, methodology, and conclusions; evaluate evidence; and interpret texts effectively. You’ll also find tips and guidance on reading between the lines, assessing validity – and even advice on when not to apply logic too rigidly!

Master Critical Thinking: Think Intelligently, Improve Problem-Solving Skills, Make Better Decisions, and Upgrade Your Life by Henrik Rodgers

If you’ve often struggled in developing deeper thinking and analytical skills; If you’re guilty of making decisions based on your gut and regretted later, if you have always wondered if there is some easy to learn step-by-step framework to master critical thinking, then keep reading!

Yes, you are about to uncover the secrets of how intelligent thinkers develop this important cognitive skills called Critical Thinking.

Presenting Master Critical Thinking, a complete recipe revealing all the major ingredients to master critical thinking; avoiding committing mistakes, improving problem-solving skills and thus making effective decisions.

Critical Thinking: The 12 Rules for Intelligent Thinking: Improve Your Problem-Solving and Decision Making Skills, Overcome Shyness and Social Anxiety to Increase Self Confidence in Life by Jason Dyer and Cliff Weldon

Our mind has a strong tendency to form beliefs to make sense of existence. Human beings cannot help but have beliefs that guide them in their thinking and their actions, but today they live in an increasingly artificial and manipulated world in which beliefs often turn out to be illusions.


Furthermore, the human mind is subjected, for evolutionary reasons, to cognitive illusions that distort our perception of the world by inducing many prejudices or errors (cognitive bias). So how can we break out of these prisons?


According to Jason Dyer, “Critical Thinking” is able to conceptualize, apply, analyze, synthesize and actively and expertly evaluate the information gathered by a precise observation, reasoning or experience. It also has the ability to identify, analyze and evaluate situations, ideas and information in order to formulate responses to problems.


Before You Say Another Word: Thinking on Your Feet In Moments That Matter by Dave Minionis PhD

How many times have we been put on the spot and then come away thinking, “If only I said this. If only I said that.” It could’ve been in any situation—with your boss, a passing acquaintance, while in a meeting, during your presentation’s Q&A, or even talking with your spouse. We feel like kicking ourselves. Walking away. Licking our wounds. Thinking about the opportunity that just passed us by.

Wouldn’t it be nice to master the skill of thinking on our feet? Not blindly reacting or going blank but responding in a calm, intelligent, and smart manner. And wouldn’t it be great to believe we can deal with pretty much anything thrown our way?

We all deserve to be that person. BEFORE YOU SAY ANOTHER WORD is packed with the tools, ideas, and words of wisdom for being more appropriate, articulate, credible, and even more persuasive, especially in those moments that matter most.

Logic: An Emphasis on Critical Thinking and Informal Logic by Stan Baronett

Featuring an exceptionally clear writing style and a wealth of real-world examples and exercises, Logic: An Emphasis on Critical Thinking and Informal Logic, Fourth Edition, shows how logic relates to everyday life, demonstrating its applications in such areas as the workplace, media and entertainment, politics, science and technology, student life, and elsewhere. The examples and exercises were chosen to be interesting, thought-provoking, and relevant to students.

Thinking Like a Lawyer: A Framework for Teaching Critical Thinking to All Students by Colin Seale

Critical thinking is the essential tool for ensuring that students fulfill their promise. But, in reality, critical thinking is still a luxury good, and students with the greatest potential are too often challenged the least. Thinking Like a Lawyer:

  • Introduces a powerful but practical framework to close the critical thinking gap.
  • Gives teachers the tools and knowledge to teach critical thinking to all students.
  • Helps students adopt the skills, habits, and mindsets of lawyers.
  • Empowers students to tackle 21st-century problems.
  • Teaches students how to compete in a rapidly changing global marketplace.

Colin Seale, a teacher-turned-attorney-turned-education-innovator and founder of thinkLaw, uses his unique experience to introduce a wide variety of concrete instructional strategies and examples that teachers can use in all grade levels and subject areas. Individual chapters address underachievement, the value of nuance, evidence-based reasoning, social-emotional learning, equitable education, and leveraging families to close the critical thinking gap.

Critical Thinking (The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series) Part of: The MIT Press Essential Knowledge series (66 Books)

How the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught.

Critical thinking is regularly cited as an essential twenty-first century skill, the key to success in school and work. Given our propensity to believe fake news, draw incorrect conclusions, and make decisions based on emotion rather than reason, it might even be said that critical thinking is vital to the survival of a democratic society. But what, exactly, is critical thinking? In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Jonathan Haber explains how the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught and assessed.

Haber describes the term’s origins in such disciplines as philosophy, psychology, and science. He examines the components of critical thinking, including structured thinking, language skills, background knowledge, and information literacy, along with such necessary intellectual traits as intellectual humility, empathy, and open-mindedness. He discusses how research has defined critical thinking, how elements of critical thinking have been taught for centuries, and how educators can teach critical thinking skills now.

Start with Why: How Great Leaders Inspire Everyone to Take Action by Simon Sinek

In 2009, Simon Sinek started a movement to help people become more inspired at work, and in turn inspire their colleagues and customers. Since then, millions have been touched by the power of his ideas, including more than 28 million who’ve watched his TED Talk based on START WITH WHY — the third most popular TED video of all time.

Sinek starts with a fundamental question: Why are some people and organizations more innovative, more influential, and more profitable than others? Why do some command greater loyalty from customers and employees alike? Even among the successful, why are so few able to repeat their success over and over?

People like Martin Luther King Jr., Steve Jobs, and the Wright Brothers had little in common, but they all started with WHY. They realized that people won’t truly buy into a product, service, movement, or idea until they understand the WHY behind it.

START WITH WHY shows that the leaders who’ve had the greatest influence in the world all think, act, and communicate the same way — and it’s the opposite of what everyone else does. Sinek calls this powerful idea The Golden Circle, and it provides a framework upon which organizations can be built, movements can be led, and people can be inspired. And it all starts with WHY.


Multi-Religious Perspectives on a Global Ethic: In Search of a Common Morality (Routledge New Critical Thinking in Religion, Theology and Biblical Studies) by Myriam Renaud and William Schweiker

Ratified by the Parliament of the World’s Religions in 1993 and expanded in 2018, “Towards a Global Ethic (An Initial Declaration),” or the Global Ethic, expresses the minimal set of principles shared by people—religious or not. Though it is a secular document, the Global Ethic emerged after months of collaborative, interreligious dialogue dedicated to identifying a common ethical framework. This volume tests and contests the claim that the Global Ethic’s ethical directives can be found in the world’s religious, spiritual, and cultural traditions.


The book features essays by scholars of religion who grapple with the practical implications of the Global Ethic’s directives when applied to issues like women’s rights, displaced peoples, income and wealth inequality, India’s caste system, and more. The scholars explore their respective religious traditions’ ethical response to one or more of these issues and compares them to the ethical response elaborated by the Global Ethic. The traditions included are Hinduism, Engaged Buddhism, Shi‘i Islam, Sunni Islam, Confucianism, Protestantism, Catholicism, Judaism, Indigenous African Religions, and Human Rights. To highlight the complexities within traditions, most essays are followed by a brief response by an expert in the same tradition.

On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century by Timothy Snyder

The Founding Fathers tried to protect us from the threat they knew, the tyranny that overcame ancient democracy. Today, our political order faces new threats, not unlike the totalitarianism of the twentieth century. We are no wiser than the Europeans who saw democracy yield to fascism, Nazism, or communism. Our one advantage is that we might learn from their experience.

On Tyranny is a call to arms and a guide to resistance, with invaluable ideas for how we can preserve our freedoms in the uncertain years to come.

Critical Zones: The Science and Politics of Landing on Earth by Bruno Latour and Peter Weibe

Artists and writers portray the disorientation of a world facing climate change.

This monumental volume, drawn from a 2020 exhibition at the ZKM Center for Art and Media, portrays the disorientation of life in world facing climate change. It traces this disorientation to the disconnection between two different definitions of the land on which modernizing humans live: the sovereign nation from which they derive their rights, and another one, hidden, from which they gain their wealth—the land they live on, and the land they live from. Charting the land they will inhabit, they find not a globe, not the iconic “blue marble,” but a series of critical zones—patchy, heterogenous, discontinuous.

With short pieces, longer essays, and more than 500 illustrations, the contributors explore the new landscape on which it may be possible for humans to land—what it means to be “on Earth,” whether the critical zone, the Gaia, or the terrestrial. They consider geopolitical conflicts and tools redesigned for the new “geopolitics of life forms.” The “thought exhibition” described in this book can opens a fictional space to explore the new climate regime; the rest of the story is unknown.

HBR's 10 Must Reads on Design Thinking: HBR's 10 Must Reads Series

Use design thinking for competitive advantage.

If you read nothing else on design thinking, read these 10 articles. We’ve combed through hundreds of Harvard Business Review articles and selected the most important ones to help you use design thinking to produce breakthrough innovations and transform your organization.

This book will inspire you to:

  • Identify customers’ “jobs to be done” and build products people love
  • Fail small, learn quickly, and win big
  • Provide the support design-thinking teams need to flourish
  • Foster a culture of experimentation
  • Sharpen your own skills as a design thinker
  • Counteract the biases that perpetuate the status quo and thwart innovation
  • Adopt best practices from design-driven powerhouses

The Systems Thinker: A Practical guide to use Critical Thinking for Change your Life, Know Yourself through Thought patterns, view and work on your Behaviors to increase your Problem solving Skills by Stefan Maidan

As Albert Einstein said: “actual problems can’t be solved with the same way of thinking that existed at the moment that these problems came to be.” It seems obvious, but it isn’t! Think about it: how many problems have you solved always thinking the same way? We’re all part of the same system…

A useful system to identify a series of relationships that make our social and professional lives harder.

Life’s problems concern today’s sectors! They can be economic problems, familiar, personal…
Illness, divorce, unjustified layoffs, bankruptcy…

How did you learn to face these problems? Did you develop some kind of method, or did you keep thinking that they’d solve themselves?

I’ve heard many times people around me saying, “you have to change your mentality,” or “don’t be so negative,” but let’s speak clearly; CHANGING YOUR MENTALITY isn’t as easy as it sounds. Plus, just continuously repeating it won’t help anyone!